Agricultural Technology


The agri-food industry is changing rapidly. Global demand will require an increase of more than 50% in the production of major agricultural crops over the next 40 years. Sources of new land are limited, so higher yields are essential to meet growing global demand.

This demand is driven by a growing middle class with an increased appetite for protein and better quality food. In addition, growing consumer awareness of the food and fibre the world consumes is driving changes in diet and purchasing choices. To take advantage of these opportunities, producers, accumulators and processors must continue to manage the variables of weather, commodity prices, capital availability and moving exchange rates. Stakeholders must also address evolving challenges such as animal welfare, climate change, biodiversity and sustainable practices.

Busse Global Consulting‘s agribusiness professionals have extensive experience – from small and medium-sized domestic agribusiness stakeholders to large multinational organisations – to address global concerns with proprietary tools and advanced digital and analytical capabilities.

Do you have a project in mind and need to make it a reality?
Do you want to expand your agri business being more competitive?
Does your company need to evolve, improving efficiency through technology?

Busse Global Consulting specializes in basic and detailed engineering, supply management, construction, start-up, industrial plant operation and maintenance, responsibilities that are generally carried out as EPC or turnkey projects with the utmost requirements for quality, security, and environmental protection, and with aspects of technological innovation and product excellence.

Advantages

  • Greater plant density- plants can be moved as they grow. Use of a growth room for germination and seedling production and the spacing of certain crops in the greenhouse decreases the average area needed per plant over conventional soil production.
  • Higher yields- Reports of higher yields and better quality are common although equal yields should be able to be obtained from a conventional cropping system.
  • Less water consumption- In methods where the root system is contained in a closed trough or tube, less evaporation occurs and water consumption is reduced.

Disadvantages

  • Increased initial investment- several dollars per square foot are added by the pumps, tanks, controls and support system. If supplemental lighting or a growth room is included, a large additional cost will be incurred.
  • Higher energy costs -pump and lighting operation increase the electricity costs.
  • More technical skill is needed -a grower with a good chemical and plant production background is required.

Crops

Although almost any crop can be grown hydroponically, the most common are leaf lettuce, tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, strawberries, watercress, celery and some herbs. One key factor in system design for a particular crop is how it is supported in the nutrient solution.

Growing systems

Many innovative systems have been developed that replace the traditional gravel filled bed. When evaluating the type of system to install, consideration should be given to such factors as the type of crop grown, space requirements, growing time, support system and economics. These systems can be set up in either a greenhouse or growth room. Some growers use both; the growth room for germination and seedling production and the greenhouse to grow out the crop. The extra heat from the growth room lights may be used to heat the greenhouse.

Why invest in a high-tech greenhouse? Do I need high-tech greenhouses to grow vegetables?

It is true that the use of high-tech greenhouses can help you solve the challenges of becoming a greenhouse vegetable grower.

If you have not made up your mind so far, as it is easy to be overwhelmed by all the technologies applied to different variables that determine success, don’t worry; if you reflect and step back and look at all that is being introduced to respond to the challenges faced by vegetable growers in the real world, you will have a much more encouraging perspective on new technologies, thinking that high-tech agriculture has the potential to find the right direction in time for technical decision making applied to your crops.

These devices are adjusted and calibrated during the production process allowing the creation of particularly simple reading or control circuits. They allow you to control parameters, with a wide variety of devices for the various automation tasks that are important for the management of the environment within a greenhouse. As for software applications, they are designed for the purpose of remote control and monitoring of processes. They allow a user to collect data, send commands and orders from one or more geographically distributed installations. In addition, they send the information generated in the production process to various users, both at the same level and to other supervisors within the company, in other words, they allow the participation of other areas such as: quality control, supervision, maintenance. These can be applied to:

  • The humidity system.
  • The heating system.
  • Window opening.
  • Measurement of wind speed and direction, Relative Humidity, Temperature, Rainfall, Radiation.

Glass greenhouses

 Glass greenhouses are known all over the world. This development, which started more than 100 years ago with the cultivation of vegetables in small glass boxes, has developed into a vertically and horizontally integrated industry.

This greenhouse is widely used for decorative, medicinal, aromatic and condiment plants.

The use of glass for the roof is indispensable, as the glass panels rest on the rainwater collection channels.

There are no side windows, although it is advisable to design windows in the roof and a door for easy access to the greenhouse.

The zenithal windows, alternating in their opening, have dimensions of 1.5 metres long by 0.8 metres wide. The distance between panels should be less than 32 metres, for aerodynamic reasons and air flow.

Gothic greenhouses

Robust and very resistant model of high performance, specially designed to achieve a good use of the surface.

It can accumulate a large volume of air, as well as increase the solar radiation absorbed by the crops with respect to other models thanks to the inclination of its arches, at the same time as it manages to reduce the risk of dripping on the crops.

Round arch greenhouses

Traditional model, it is a reference in the world of greenhouses. Strong and resistant, it allows all types of enclosures and ventilation.

Tropical greenhouses

Economical greenhouse model. Light and resistant, it is easy to install and is especially suitable for tropical climates. It allows large ventilations.

Politunnel greenhouses

This polytunnel greenhouse also called chapel or multi-span greenhouse, is characterized by the shape of its roof, formed by semicircular curved arches and its all-metal structure.

This type of greenhouse would falls into the category of what are commonly referred as multitunel, like Asymmetrical or Tropical and Gothic greenhouses. These type greenhouses are assembled like a Meccano. The different parts stapled together, nuts and bolts, so no soldering needed.

Tunnel greenhouses

High Tunnels are an increasingly popular trend for growers and a proven technology for crop production. The term “high tunnel” is a loosely defined phrase for growing fruits and vegetables in greenhouses, although some high tunnels are used for cut flower production. The difference between a High Tunnel and a regular free-standing greenhouse is that high tunnels use Eastpoint, Northpoint and Nor Easter frames, with longer ground posts, to make them “high” tunnels.

ADVANTAGES

  • All high tunnels are designed for heavy snow and wind loads with extra support for crops
  • All greenhouses are pre-drilled, pre-cut, include all hardware and assemble very easily
  • Includes complete instructions
  • Many different options available for cooling, doors and end wall design
  • Crop support systems available
  • Quick turnaround on shipping

Nethouse greenhouses

Are structures which purpose is to reduce the damage caused by insects (Agents propagators of viruses), by the wind and the hail in the crop. They are especially suitable for cultivation areas susceptible to exposure to these agents.

The components of this structure are:

  • Hot dipped galvanized steel pipes.
  • Brail wires and wires.
  • Anchors for the perimeter.
  • Other components.
  • Polyethylene cover.
  • Crop system.

Advantages of this structure are:

  • High ventilation.
  • Low cost compared to other structures.
  • High wind resistance.
  • High production rate.